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Guide Happy parents

infant

number of advice: 20

toddler

number of advice: 18

junior

number of advice: 15

What can a newborn see

advice in category: infant

You have just given birth and after 9 months of carrying your baby under your heart, you can finally look at it and hug it. You watch it closely, comparing your expectations with reality. You wonder whom the baby resembles. You look at the baby and wonder if it can see you. Does the baby like what’s outside of the mummy’s belly? Or did your grandma tell you that the baby will only see something after some time?

First of all, let us explain the key question - newborns are not born blind. What they see is far from what adults see, but your baby can see something from the moment of birth. Remember that the baby's ability to see is just the beginning - the brain must learn how to interpret the images and this will take some time.

From birth, your baby has the capacity for pupil constriction and dilation, so the eyes can react to light and darkness. In the first month the baby sees things at the edges of its visual field better (this is called peripheral vision) than things at the centre. This is the opposite of the way adults see. However, it will change in a few weeks. The baby sees best at the distance of 18-30 cm; you can observe this when you bend over the crib. The most interesting objects for the baby are people’s faces. You can hang large pictures of the family members or smiley faces on the wall on the level of the baby’s sight. Most importantly, lean over your baby as often as possible.

Your baby can see different colours sooner than was initially thought: in the first month the baby can see yellow, orange, red, green, turquoise, blue, celadon, and crimson. In the second month the baby distinguishes yellow from green and then yellow from red. Between the third and fourth month the baby starts to see colours like an adult.

At the age of 3 months your baby begins to see objects more coherently - they become wholes rather than clusters of details. Your baby can also follow moving objects with greater ease.

The development of vision is significantly influenced by the development of motor abilities - a baby who can lift its head or support its trunk on its arms naturally broadens its field of vision and improves its eyesight. Between the third and sixth month your baby will learn to predict where a moving object will be in a moment. It eagerly throws away the toys you give it and watches them fall.

In the second half of the first year, your baby sees the world better and sharper. Its field of vision expands and the world becomes more varied - objects have not only shapes and colours, but also textures, which were invisible to the baby before. If you watch your baby closely, you will notice better eye-hand coordination - the baby is able to reach for a toy and grab it. At this time it is good to give your baby developmental toys, which have rotary knobs and buttons that will help it exercise its hands and improve its eye-hand coordination.

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